During the Chickamauga Campaign, Union artillery bombarded Chattanooga as a diversion and occupied it on September 9, 1863.
The fourth-largest Tennessee city, it is the seat of Hamilton County.
Located in southeastern Tennessee in East Tennessee, on the Tennessee River, served by multiple railroads and Interstate highways, Chattanooga is a transit hub.
The Chickamauga Mound near the mouth of the Chickamauga Creek is the oldest remaining visible art in Chattanooga.
The Citico town and mound site was the most significant Mississippian/Muscogee landmark in Chattanooga up to 1915.
The city grew quickly, initially benefiting from a location well-suited for river commerce.
With the arrival of the railroad in 1850, Chattanooga became a boom town.One of the internment camps was located in Fort Payne, Alabama and the largest was at Fort Cass, Tennessee.In 1839, the community of Ross's Landing incorporated as the city of Chattanooga.These battles were followed the next spring by the Atlanta Campaign, beginning just over the nearby state line in Georgia and moving southeastward.After the war ended, the city became a major railroad hub and industrial and manufacturing center.Surrounded by mountains and ridges, the official nickname for Chattanooga is the Scenic City, reinforced by the city's reputation for outdoor activities.