It effectively modulates emotional arousal and cultivate compassion while down-regulating emotional centers such as amygdala.
Mindfulness meditation also trains the prefrontal cortex to promote stable recruitment of non-conceptual sensory pathways-an alternative to conventional cognitive reappraisal strategies-which in turn reduces habitual negative self-evaluative processing of the brain, and consequentially leads to healing.
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This training and education, called as Chaplain-Residency and clinical pastoral education (CPE), helps a chaplain to provide spiritual care to pluralistic patient population without the necessity of prayer/religious rituals and/or other techniques of TCAM.
Research studies on chaplaincy have focused on understanding their role in health care, but there are no studies describing their spiritual care processes and/or possible scientific mechanisms underlying this approach.
Thus, with its key ingredients of empathy and mindfulness of patients' emotional state, this model of "Listening Presence" has close resemblance to the MBI; which in the context of a dyadic relationship such as chaplain-patient interaction takes a trans-personal/transcendental form of mindfulness.
Mindfulness meditation and its intervention in clinical care has been the most widely studied model of spiritual care; elaborate understandings on the neuro-physiological mechanisms of this model would serve to build our theoretical frame-work of chaplaincy process.
suggest that mindfulness training enhances the cortical control system by integrating various parts of the frontal, parietal and even cerebellar areas of the brain responsible for meta-monitoring necessary for self-awareness and self-regulation of emotions.
Though MBI has been reported to be very effective in various medical and psychiatric disorders, clinicians and researchers conclude that it is difficult to apply in acutely symptomatic patients.
Theory and practice of chaplain's spiritual care process: A psychiatrist's experiences of chaplaincy and conceptualizing trans-personal model of mindfulness.
Indian J Psychiatry 2015;-9How to cite this URL: Parameshwaran R.
This form of care involving chaplain's mindfulness of emotions/thoughts of another individual, that is, patient, may be conceptualized as trans-personal model of MBI.
Conclusion: Chaplain's approach may be a legitimate form of psychological therapy that includes inter and intra-personal mindfulness.
Results and Discussion: Chaplain's deep listening skills to experience patient's pain and suffering, awareness of his emotions/memories triggered by patient's story and ability to set aside personal emotions, and judgmental thoughts formed intra-personal mindfulness.