When greeting someone or thanking them, it may be insulting if the person of lower status does not bow lower than the person with higher status.
Respect is the idea of acknowledging ones feelings, listening to others, and liking someone because of their qualities, actions, and achievements.
Some people may earn the respect of individuals by assisting others or by playing important social roles.
In many cultures, individuals are considered to be worthy of respect until they prove otherwise.
Courtesies that show respect include simple words and phrases like "thank you" in the West, simple physical gestures like a slight bow in the East, a smile, or direct eye contact, or a simple handshake.
Unlike Japanese culture, it is not necessary in Chinese culture to bow to one another as a greeting or parting gesture.
Bowing is generally reserved as a sign of respect for elders and ancestors.
For instance, it is disrespectful to not use polite language and honorifics when speaking in Japanese with someone having a higher social status.
The Japanese honorific "san" can be used when speaking English.
Some signs of physical respect apply to women only.