Hassan Moawad Abdel Al, former president of the City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications in Alexandria, Egypt, welcomed the WIPO report.
Ranking universities based on the number of produced patents is very important as an indicator for measuring a university's innovative output, he told University World News.
With reference to fields of technology, digital communications remains the field of technology accounting for the largest share (7.1%) of total PCT applications in 2011, followed by electronic machinery (6.9%), medical technology (6.6%) and computer technology (6.4%).
Together these three countries accounted for 58% of the worlds output.
Next came China, South Korea, France, the UK, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Sweden in the top 10.
It had 277 patent applications published in 2011 under the PCT, and was followed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (179), University of Texas System (127), Johns Hopkins University (111) and the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (103).
America also led the top 15 countries in filing international patent applications, followed by Japan and Germany.
There is thus a historical linkage of the university and the private sector, leading to university R&D leading [in turn] to useful technologies.
Daly explained further: Part of the success results from government policies.
First and foremost is the public support for research-intensive universities, dating from the land grant college act under President Abraham Lincoln, which created centres for agricultural technology in universities.
And for more than half a century the National Science Foundation [NSF] and the National Institutes of Health have been building research capabilities in the higher education system here.
He quoted NSF statistics indicating that the top US research universities now generate more than a billion dollars a year from royalties on intellectual property.
It is important to realise that over the past half century, universities in the United States have created offices which encourage faculty to seek patents, help them to do so, and manage the portfolios of intellectual property rights for the institutions, Daly concluded.
This is especially true with public or quasi-public institutions such as universities, in which patenting policy has less to do with real output than with modes of thought on technology transfer and relations between universities and industry more generally, Gold concluded.