In 1438 he entered a contract with three others to develop a refined printing technique and became the inventor of moveable-type mechanical printing in Europe.
He printed the 42-line Gutenberg Bible (c.1455) but in the end he lost a suit from one of his creditors, who confiscated the type for the Bible. Aided by Konrad Humery, he was able to set up another press, but little is known of his work thereafter.
Aristotle - updated engraving; Greek philosopher, educator and scientist; undertook a large-scale classification of plants and animals; introduced a method of scientific thinking that still plays a role today.
"The smell was intense and the taste was incredible - it was a real eureka moment.
He added: "British black garlic has been a real success and has gone down a storm in the culinary world.
His famous claim that an idividual can and cannot step into the same river twice reveals an interest in criteria of unity and identity; even though all material constituents have undergone change, it is still, in a sence, the same river.
Preoccupied with change, he declared that fire is the central element of the universe, and he postulated a world with no beginning and no end...
Pythagoras - Greek philosopher and mathematician; held that numbers were basic to matter; the Pythagorean Theorem is named for his geometric formulation; developed atomic theory; students of his philosophy emphasized geometrical form as a basic property of atoms; developed mathematical relationships which led to musical harmony.
Empedocles - Some suggest (c.484-c.424) - Greek doctor, poet and philosopher.Mr Botwright, 51, is Britain's only producer of black garlic, which costs £3.50 per bulb and has a shelf life of over a year.He said: "I wanted to find a way of producing a garlic product we could market all year round, plus I'm constantly searching for ways of preserving garlic without adding anything to it.The impact of printing was enormous - it led to an almost instant mass production of books and truly initiated the information age.The Reformation, the Renaissance, and the scientific period of the 17th century can hardly be contemplated without printed books.The farmer spent 18 months perfecting his secret recipe, tweaking the temperature and humidity, and the product has been such a hit he now supplies restaurants including The Ritz and The Ivy.