Furthermore, sibling relationships often reflect the overall condition of cohesiveness within a family.
Siblings generally spend more time with each other during childhood than they do with parents or anyone else, and sibling relationships are often the longest-lasting relationship in individuals’ lives.
This shift in environment reduces both children’s access to one another and depletes the older sibling’s dependency on the younger for social support, which can now be found outside the relationship.
Furthermore, both relationships are often egalitarian in nature, although unlike sibling relationships, friendships are voluntary.
The specific roles of each relationship also differ, especially later in life.
Communication is especially important when siblings do not live near one another.
Communication may take place in person, over the phone, by mail, and with increasing frequency, by means of online communication such as email and social networking.
Still, this time period marks great changes for both siblings.
Assuming an age gap of only a few years, this marks the time when the older sibling is beginning school, meeting peers, and making friends.Siblings may influence one another in much the same way that peers do, especially during adolescence.These relationships may even compensate for the negative psychological impact of not having friends When siblings reach adulthood, it is more likely that they will no longer live in the same place and that they will become involved in jobs, hobbies, and romantic interests that they do not share and therefore cannot use to relate to one another.Older siblings in these cultures are sometimes given responsibilities to watch over a younger sibling, but this is only occasional, with parents taking on the primary role of caretaker.In contrast, close sibling relationships in nonindustrialized cultures are often obligatory, with strong cultural norms prompting cooperation and close proximity between siblings.At the same time, the older sibling is also available to answer questions and discuss topics that the younger sibling may not feel comfortable bringing up to a parent.