After the invention of the VCR in 1980 and the camcorder in 1985, porn got a lot easier to make for a lot cheaper, ringing in porn's video era in the '80s.
The internet sped up the process of easier/cheaper/faster/more, plus drew amateur porn into the mix (think about it: if you're so inclined, you have everything you need to shoot/edit a porno in the smartphone in the palm of your hand)., are watching porn.
, ushered in an explosion of sexually explicit literature.
Tarrant cites Courtney Trouble, Cinnamon Maxine, Papí Coxxx, and James Darling as creators shifting social norms in porn. The public perception of what a "porn star" can look like is shifting. Tibbals asserts that diverse looks have always been represented in porn, but that mainstream coverage of it has emphasized a single (super-busty but also super-skinny) aesthetic.
Porn performer Stoya, meanwhile, has said that dwindling big-studio budgets and performer incomes are motivation to check out independent creators like afourchamberedheart, Pink & White Productions, Joanna Angel, Erika Lust, and Stoya's own paid platform Trenchcoat X right at the source so you can support them financially if you like their work. The visibility and popularity of other body types is growing, however.
"I think the industry has shifted a lot as far as the body types that are popular — it is definitely more inclusive," Preston tells
"Where in the '90s, the body type used to be an idealized, unobtainable fantasy, now it has shifted to the girl-next-door look ...
In her book, Tarrant estimates that piracy costs the porn industry some $2 billion a year.
As porn producer and performer Jiz Lee wrote for The Daily Dot, "I once came across a video I was in that had been viewed over 50,000 times.
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“With laptops, high-speed Wi Fi, cell phones, and newer technology, we can pretty much get porn anywhere, anytime,” Tarrant writes.
“For better and worse, technology has arguably democratized access to pornography.” Ahead, the juicy scoop on how porn, porn viewership, and the porn industry have evolved since the ’90s.1. In the mainstream industry, high-end production is down and the production of gonzo porn — which does away with plot and expensive costumes and sets — is way up.
And yes, there has always been porn outside of this trope, but the amount of it is growing, and so is its visibility.